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Secreted beneath MIT’s Killian Court docket and obtainable only via a subterranean labyrinth of tunnels, a clandestine lab conducts boundary-pushing exploration, fed by cash siphoned from a Division of Protection grant. In these shadowed, higher-tech halls, astrophysicist and astronaut Valentina Resnick-Baker, who is dealing with weird phenomena soon after an come across with a planet-threatening asteroid, discovers she has the electric power of plasma fusion. 

Resnick-Baker is the buff and brainy heroine of Summit, a 15-problem comedian sequence made and penned by Amy Chu ’91. The circumstances may be fictional, but the science is—broadly—real. (Chu did track record investigate on plasma physics for the sequence, and when writing about the Batman villain Poison Ivy, she acquired the essentials of CRISPR so Ivy could deploy it to create her own plant “kids.”) “The factor that has bothered me for a very long time is that a large amount of superhero tales are dependent on full nonsense,” claims Chu, 54. “Every tale I do I check out to floor in science.” 

That a graduate of MIT prefers scientific plausibility to Kryptonite and radioactive spider bites may perhaps be the the very least shocking detail about Chu. At age 42, following a effective career expended mainly in conference rooms, this erstwhile management expert entered her individual alternate universe as a comedian e-book writer. 1st by way of her publishing startup, Alpha Female Comics, and now as a result of get the job done for heavyweights like Marvel and DC, Chu is reimagining a customarily white male medium for ladies, Asian-Us residents and Pacific Islanders, and some others who rarely see by themselves in its color-saturated panels.

“A ton of superhero tales are based on comprehensive nonsense. Just about every tale I do I attempt to ground in science.”

Amy Chu

With comics, Chu is pursuing both equally a sector option and a social agenda, the latter familiar to the struggle-scarred gals of gaming. “All these men and women are screaming and hollering about comics: that they are dying mainly because girls and gals are killing them,” suggests Chu, referring to perfectly-publicized misogyny directed at female creators and fans. “The long term of comics hinges on the skill to get women as readers.” 

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Making the team

Chu’s advocacy for women and ladies started as advocacy for herself. Her moms and dads, who immigrated from Hong Kong in 1968, moved the spouse and children around the region for her father’s positions in nuclear and, later on, professional medical physics. In 1980 they ended up in Iowa Metropolis, wherever Chu balanced nerdy predilections (chess staff, Dungeons & Dragons, textual content-primarily based computer system game titles) with a like of soccer. Her college had only a boys’ staff, which she made—but the mentor would not allow her enjoy. Chu’s family sued the college district and gained. 

In 1985 Chu moved to Massachusetts and embarked on a dual-degree application that demanded her to divide her time involving MIT, exactly where she studied architectural layout, and Wellesley, where she pursued East Asian reports. But it was at MIT’s Phi Beta Epsilon fraternity that she satisfied her destiny. Chu’s boyfriend at the time was a member there, and the girlfriend of one particular of his friends had been storing a big box stuffed with comics at the frat. Lots of were being from Very first Comics, an different publisher specializing in spies, adventurers, and science fiction. “I study nearly the complete box that summer months,” says Chu, who beforehand experienced equated comics with superheroes. “It was a revelation.” 

That is the origin tale. But Chu’s career in comics was a extended way off. At Wellesley she did dabble in publishing, launching a cultural journal to prod the development of a class in Asian-American scientific tests. And just after graduating from Wellesley in 1989, she moved to New York to cofound A. Journal, a typical-desire publication for Asian-American readers. But Chu realized that a startup magazine was not likely to make more than enough money to survive, so soon after about a yr she returned to Cambridge to complete her MIT degree. (A. lasted an additional 8 years.) 

Just after senior positions at quite a few Asian-American nonprofits in New York, Chu invested two and a 50 percent decades in Hong Kong and Macau. Whilst abroad she worked for billionaire businesswoman Pansy Ho, who owned a PR firm that generated functions for luxurious brands, and also worked with her family’s business producing tourism in Macau. Ho grew to become a mentor. 

Chu returned to the US to attend Harvard Business enterprise School and in 1999, MBA in hand, boarded the management-consulting educate. Two many years at the strategic consultancy Marakon aided her retire some Brobdingnagian scholar loans. Then Ho asked Chu to guide a few of her biotech investments in the US. That touched off shut to a decade of company excursions and PowerPoints, with Chu functioning as an independent specialist for Ho and many others. “There was a fantastic need to have at that time for biotech Crimson Sonjas,” she claims, referring to the flame-haired mercenary about whom she also has prepared.

By 2010, Chu was burnt out. Not only was her do the job rigorous, but she was boosting two youthful young children and fatigued from procedure for breast cancer. At the to start with Harvard Asian-American Alumni Summit, she connected with Ga Lee, a friend who had engineered a 180-degree turn from consulting to writing and filmmaking. Lee laid out her new eyesight for a comics publisher targeting ladies and females. Again then, feminine people in recognized comics had been lowered mainly to cleavage and catsuits for the eyes of a presumed male readership.

The paucity of comics produced by and for ladies awoke the perception of unfairness that experienced pushed Chu again in Iowa. “I manufactured the staff in soccer,” she states. “I would make the crew in comics.”

 Becoming a author

Chu and Lee’s startup, Alpha Female Comics, debuted with a sci-fi Western by Lee termed Meridien City. The founders planned to launch operate by other gals afterwards. As Chu well prepared to get on the function of publisher, Lee urged her to master each and every factor of the organization. So Chu signed up for a comedian producing and enhancing plan created by a previous Marvel editor. “That’s where I obtained hooked,” she says.

Shortly following Alpha Girl released its to start with title, Lee couldn’t pass up the prospect to immediate a film in Hong Kong. By that time, Chu had published some stories of her personal. “The full issue shifted in excess of to me,” she claims. “So I explained, I guess I will publish my things, with a bunch of artists.” (Like many comic writers, Chu crafts stories and collaborates with artists who draw the panels.)

Although her qualifications does not scream “comics creator,” it truly well prepared her very well for the perform, she claims. From the soulless labor of PowerPoint era through her consulting profession, she mastered financial system of storytelling. And architectural style, her key at MIT, taught her to enhance house inside of constraints. (Chu compares fitting a total-blown combat scene into a 10-webpage comic to fitting a grand piano into a studio condominium: “You have to sacrifice items or it will be a poor working experience.”) 

For Alpha Girl, Chu wrote and developed two titles. Girls Evening Out is a a few-volume series that follows the adventures of a lady with dementia and her pals, who abscond from a nursing dwelling. VIP Home is a one particular-off horror tale about 5 strangers imprisoned in a mysterious spot. But hustling income at conventions—Alpha Girl’s main kind of distribution—did not pave a route to prosperity. To increase her market profile and make a minimal extra funds, Chu grew to become a pen-for-employ, spinning new adventures for pop-culture icons formulated by Marvel, DC Comics, and other publishers.

Girls Night Out comic cover
Sea Sirens comic cover
Wonderwoman comic cover

Chu’s decade-extensive occupation in comics has provided a undertaking in impartial publishing, graphic novels for younger audience, and modern re-imaginings of the industry’s most legendary people.

A person notable creation was the tale arc she developed in 2016 for Poison Ivy, a Batman villain who’d debuted in 1966 as a plant-obsessed eco-terrorist. Chu rethought the character as she created Ivy’s to start with solo series, taking a sympathetic approach to her sophisticated morality. After getting opinions through a Ponder Con panel about the shortage of Asian-Americans in comics, she extra a South Asian male guide, partly encouraged by a Jain classmate from MIT. (“Jains are severe vegetarians, which of class was very appealing to Ivy,” she says.) Comics, suggests Chu, give her “a system to increase illustration and diversity.”

Comics also offer her with chances to get a minimal foolish. In 2016, Chu commenced creating about the well-known character Crimson Sonja, transplanting the sword-wielding barbarian from a fictional country and epoch to present day-day New York Town. A several decades afterwards, Dynamite Entertainment and Archie Comics asked her to generate a restricted-series crossover concerning Sonja and Riverdale’s beloved woman teen frenemies. “I considered, that is so absurd I am just likely to say no,” states Chu of what finally became Purple Sonja & Vampirella Meet up with Betty & Veronica. “Then I considered, if I can do it and make it fantastic, that is a testomony to my potential.”  

 MIT inspiration

Chu soon grew to become a sought-following writer and is generally questioned to supply a fresh new point of view on characters that may have been conceived many years in the past. Strategies appear from all around, which includes MIT Technology Overview, which Chu calls “grounded in science and ahead-imagining.” 

The Institute has proffered inspiration in other approaches. At a Baltimore Comedian Con wherever she was on a panel, Chu reconnected with Wisdom Coleman ’91. Coleman talked about his encounters as a overcome pilot in Afghanistan and the women of all ages who served along with him there. The lives of individuals women grew to become the basis for Chu’s to start with Marvel Female story, about a woman pilot who wonders regardless of whether her personal heroics are in simple fact the get the job done of the Girl of the Golden Lariat. (They’re not.)

Figures like that feminine pilot and Resnick-Baker, the astrophysicist-­astronaut at the heart of the Summit sequence, costume as Chu conceived them: like actual gals executing real perform. Characters that Chu did not generate, by distinction, often are rendered in the hypersexualized design and style she detests. There’s not considerably she can do about it. “A great deal is dependent on the editor and the editor’s collection of the artist,” she claims. Just one sign of development, she observes, is the less exploitative solution of comic guides concentrating on younger audiences or manufactured by a growing cadre of feminine editors. 

Chu sometimes will force back again, as when an artist performing on just one of her guides depicted Poison Ivy in a thong. “I basically was on a phone where I walked them by way of the Victoria’s Mystery catalogue and informed them what would be acceptable,” she says. “Somewhere concerning bikini and boy shorts is what I was imagining.” (The artist created the alter.)

These days Chu receives so substantially work from mainstream publishers that she lacks time for Alpha Female, which has not unveiled a new title in several decades. (Lee went on to write for television, notably for the Syfy and Amazon Key Online video sequence The Expanse.) She wants to revisit Alpha Woman, but “I maintain getting things exactly where I am like, I have bought to compose that mainly because it is really neat,” she says. “Eco-friendly Hornet? Yeah, I want to create Green Hornet! Wonder Girl? Of study course!”

Chu also has ventured into extra traditional publishing. In 2019 and 2020 Viking unveiled two volumes of Sea Sirens, a graphic novel for center graders established by Chu and her mate Janet K. Lee, the Eisner Award–winning illustrator. Tailored from a 1911 underwater fantasy by Wizard of Oz creator L. Frank Baum, Chu and Lee’s up-to-date edition reimagines the heroine, Trot, as a Vietnamese-American female in Southern California. Her grownup male companion is now a speaking cat. “The concept of a young female wandering all-around with a weird older male possessing adventures raises a great deal of issues these days,” claims Chu.

There are other demands on Chu’s time. A few several years ago, she was recruited to write two episodes for the Netflix series DOTA: Dragon’s Blood, primarily based on the well-known video game. (A 2nd, undisclosed Netflix software is in the operates.) She’s also starting up work on a comedian collection centered on the Borderlands video clip game titles. On a distinct keep track of, another MIT close friend, Norman Chen ’88, who now runs the Asian American Basis, recruited Chu to produce an overview of Asian-American history for quality-university college students. 

If Chu sooner or later does revive Alpha Female, she may possibly get pleasure from a new technology of visitors and contributors. About 10 several years ago the Girl Scouts designed a Comic Artist badge, and Chu was flooded with requests to tackle the troops. “In a number of several years, a whole lot more ladies will have experienced this publicity,” she suggests. “If they are something like me, they will get hooked.”


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